UPSC exam

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is the central recruiting agency in India. It is an independent constitutional body in the sense that it is directly created by the constitution of India. The constitution contains elaborate provisions regarding the composition, appointment, and removal of members, powers and functions and independence of the UPSC. It is responsible for appointments and examinations for All India services and group A & group B of Central services and advises the government, when consulted, on promotion and disciplinary matters.


The UPSC consists of a chairman and other members appointed by the president of India. The constitution does not specify the strength of commission but has left the matter to the discretion of the president. Hence, the composition of the commission is determined by the president. Usually, the commission consists of 9 to 12 members including the chairman. The constitution, however, provides that half of the members of the commission should be such persons who have held office for at least ten years either under the Government of India or under the government of a state.

The UPSC conducts examinations for appointments to the services of the union. It shall be consulted-(I) on all matters relating to methods of recruitment to Civil Services any for Civil ports (II) on the principles to be followed in making appointments to Civil Services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another, and on the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions, or transfers, (III) on all disciplinary matters affecting the central Government employees, (IV) on any claim by or in respect of central government employee in a civil capacity, that any costs incurred by him in defending legal proceedings against him in respect of acts done in the execution of his duty should be paid out of the consolidated fund of India & (V) on any claim for the award of a pension in respect of injuries sustained by a central government employee.


  1. Nationality – A candidate must be either –

  •  a citizen of India, or
  • a subject of Nepal, or
  • a subject of Bhutan, or
  • a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
  • a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka or East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently setting in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) above shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.