What is Mechanical Engineering? What Mechanical Engineers do? What are the pros and cons of being Mechanical Engineer?
What is Mechanical Engineering ? – The Machines we encountered everyday much like the cars, air conditioners, refrigerators, personal computers and many more devices were made possible by Mechanical Engineering. Virtually every aspect of our life is touched by mechanical engineering.
It is simply defined as ” Mechanical Engineering is a branch of engineering that involves the design, production, and productions of machinery “. It also happens to be one of the oldest and broadest of the engineering disciplines. Mechanical Engineering requires understanding and core areas such as mechanics, Dynamics Thermodynamics, Material Science, and Electricity. In addition to these core principles, mechanical engineers use tools such as computer added design and product life cycle management to design and analyse manufacturing plants, Industrial equipment and machinery, Heating and cooling system, transport system, Aircraft, Watercraft, Robotics, Medical devices, weapons and much more.
History of Mechanical Engineering –
Mechanical Engineering merge as a field doing industrial revolution in the Europe in the eighteen century. However, Its development can be traced back several thousand years ago around the world when the first wheels were put the practical use by mounting them on an axle to make a cart. In the 19th century, development and physics, lead to the development of mechanical engineering science. The field has continuously evolved to corporate in advancement. Throughout recorded history, keep on have been inventing and building in increasingly more sophisticated devices and machines in order to improve the conditions of life. Interestingly enough, what are the most significant traverse of innovation in the field of mechanical engineering, particularly in its early stages has been war.
What Mechanical Engineer do ?
The role of mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to an market place. In order to accomplish this, a very broad range of skills are needed. Mechanical Engineers need to acquire particular knowledge and complex skills. They need to understand the forces and the thermal environment that a product, its parts or subsystems will encountered. To design and for functionality, the statics and the ability to restrain the forces and the thermal environment they will be subjected to and they also need to determine the best way to manufacture them ad ensure them they operate without failure. Perhaps the one skill that is mechanical engineer exclusive domain is the ability to analyse and design objects and systems with motion. Job duties of mechanical engineers depend on the industry they are in but could include
- Designing and implementing cost effective equipment modification to help improve safety and reliability.
- Developing a project specification with colleagues, often including those from other engineering disciplines.
- Developing, testing and evaluating theoretical designs.
- Discussing and solving complex problems with manufacturing departments, sub-contractors, suppliers and costumers.
- Making sure a product can be made reliably and will perform consistently in specified operating environments.
- Managing projects using engineering principles and techniques.
- Planning and designing new production processes.
- Producing details of specifications and outline designs.
- Recommending modification following prototype test results.
- Using research, analytical, conceptual and planning skillsparticularly mathematical modeling and computer-aided design.
- Considering the implications of issues such as cost, safety and time constrains.
- Working with other professionals, within and outside the engineering sectors.
- Monitoring and commissioning plants and systems.
How much do Mechanical Engineers Earn ?
According to US buero of labor statistics, mechanical engineers earn an average annual salary of $84000. In India, a mid-career Mechanical Engineer with 5-9 years of experience earns an average total compensation of ₹573,529 based on 1,707 salaries. An experienced Mechanical Engineer with 10-19 years of experience earns an average total compensation of ₹866,325 based on 731 salaries. Please note that this figure is for guidance purposes only. Salary even individual depends upon education, user experience, skill sets, demand of the job in the respective country among many other factors.
Work Environment –
Mechanical Engineers generally work in offices. They also work at some work sites where problem and piece of equipment need your personal attention in work most of the engineering services, research and development and manufacturing. Mechanical Engineers normally work about 40 – 45 hours per week, though in some private industries or doing certain project phases, weekly work can take up to 70 hours or more.
Pros of being a Mechanical Engineering –
- It is an Evergreen Branch : Mechanical Engineers are always in demand, therefore if you are a mechanical engineer employment in never a problem, if you are truly skilled engineer.
- Wide Range of Sub Disciplines : There is a wide range of sub-disciplines available in mechanical engineering. You can specialized in automobile engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Marine Engineering, and many more. With such a broad range of career opportunities you are very likely to find something that suits your needs.
- Excellent Pay Potential : You get pay a lot if you are experienced and have good technical and and management skills. Once you get placed in a good company, you don’t have to worry about your future.
- Exciting Work Places : Becoming a mechanical engineer, could take you to some interesting places such as deserts, the deep sea, automobile industries and power industries. If you are specialized in designing you can work in an office environment.
- Global Opportunities : There is not any country in the world which does not need mechanical engineers. Wide range of global opportunities are available for Mechanical Engineers.
- Innovation for the Future : Mechanical Engineers are the forefront of future technology. Mechanical Engineers are developing new technologies for number of industries including transportation, construction, robotics, and much more. You could discover, invent, innovate, design and create amazing products if you are a skilled mechanical engineer.
- Respective Profession : Mechanical Engineering is a well respected profession. They are considering an important part of community and without them progress of global community and development of the modern world is impossible.
Cons of Being a Mechanical Engineer –
- Competitive Atmosphere : Over all mechanical engineers do receive favorable advancement opportunities, Generally these don’t come easy. It is difficult for new graduates to get placed in good companies. The best paying jobs in the field often come large and multinational corporations whose working environment has become increasingly competitive due to recent economics conditions. Fresh graduates start as low as assistant or associate engineer. An under grow through training and evaluation for year too, after which a few get promoted. Promotions are heavily performance based as an engineer gets pumped up at higher level, competitions get more serious. Also it is very well known that good companies don’t like to recruit new mechanical engineers, they liked the experience once.
- Educational Requirements : The minimum requirement for entering the field is a bachelor degree in mechanical engineering or a closely related to subject course. Undergraduate studies must cover math, physics, chemistry, solid and fluid mechanics, thermodynamics, material science, process control and equipment design. These would help a fresh graduate to get a job but may not be sufficient to guarantee to a career. Companies encourage engineers to take graduate studies, often offering tuition subsidies and promotion opportunities as incentives. This is done over and above the necessary short courses, seminars conferences and development classes required to keep engineers current.
- Extreme Pressure : With great importance comes significant job pressure. The project you head up as mechanical engineer are sometimes massive and scope and budget. Significant failures can lead to losses for your company or a raise and the companies’s insurance premium. Problem with your work can hurt employers reputation or your own. There are a lot of costs and risks involved with the job. Hence, there is a lot of pressure as liability can become high on errors.
- Workload and Hours : Another downside and mechanical engineer faces is the unpredictability of his workload. Your work may vary from week to week for instance, in a manufacturing plant a mechanical engineer does routine maintenance and process control work in one week. While the next week sees him working on another project. A more dynamic person may find this interesting but for someone who prefers a routine workload may find it difficult to handle, also it will not be tie in suit job. Working day in and out in a well furnished office unless you are in a designing field. Mechanical engineers normally work about 40 – 45 hours per week. Though in some private industries or during certain project phases, weekly work can take up to 70 hours or more.
- Course Work can be Quite Difficult : If you don’t have the aptitude for it then you might not be able to get through the study phase. You can easily get bored if you’re not interest in this field, Also the amount of stuff you learn at the university is negligible to what you do in industry. In industry, you will probably solve a problem that has never been encountered before. Well if you a planning to become a mechanical engineer consider talking with some real mechanical engineers in the workforce who have good work experience and consider reading engineering blog articles to get en idea about engineering life.
Future Progression –
The prospects for mechanical engineers overall are expected to be good. The field of mechanical engineering is expected to grow 9% from now to 2026. As fast as the average for all occupation as mentioned by the US bureau of labor statistics. Job prospects may be the for those who stay abreast of the most recent advances in technology, particularly for those with training in the latest software tools. Computational design and simulation and have experience or training in three dimensional printing will have better job prospects. Such tools allow engineers and designers to take a project from the conceptual phase directly to a finished product eliminating the need for prototypes. Mechanical Engineering students who can learn to create virtual simulations before preceding to the design, build and test stages might find themselves in high demand by companies because these skills will allow firms to reduce product development cycles. Having a core understanding of the subject, soft skills and good grades from a highly rated institution should give a job seeker an advantage over the competition.